MCPD Responses Indicate Fuddy Did Not Die

MCPD Responses Indicate Fuddy Did Not Die

Summary: The MCPD claims that they didn’t collect sworn witness statements regarding the N687MA water landing (which resulted in the alleged death of Loretta Fuddy) because HRS 841-3 was not statutorily in effect. If Fuddy’s pulse stopped in the water as claimed, then HRS 841-3 would be in effect for Maui County if she died. If her pulse stopped on land at Kalaupapa then HRS 841-3 would be in effect for Kalawao County if she died. Neither county did the investigation that would have been required by HRS 841-3 if Loretta Fuddy had died. Both counties agreed that if Fuddy had died HRS 841-3 would be in effect for Maui County.

By saying that HRS 841-3 was NOT in effect, the Maui County Police Department confirms that Loretta Fuddy did not die.

Either the Maui County Police Department is lying and refusing to do their statutory duty of collecting sworn witness statements, or Loretta Fuddy did not die as a result of the water landing of N687MA.

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31 Comments

  1. raicha
    Posted December 12, 2014 at 8:16 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Well no. If the accident took place a 1/2 mile northwest of the Kalaupapa, death occurred in Kalawao County. Kalawao County is not required to have a coroner. See HRS 841-1. If there is no required coroner, there is no required inquiry under 841-3. It does not apply to any other areas outside of those identified in 841-1.

    • Posted December 12, 2014 at 8:23 pm | Permalink | Reply

      The police chief of each county is the coroner ex officio. Kalawao does have a police chief.

      But the HDOH, which administers Kalawao County, said that Maui County had jurisdiction. The MCPD assigned a case number as soon as they had a “death pronouncement” for Fuddy because they knew it would have been within their jurisdiction. They only changed that when Detective Winfrey looked under the blanket at the morgue and realized there wasn’t any death within their jurisdiction.

      The reason they all knew it should have been Maui County jurisdiction is because the Maui County Charter clearly says that the waters adjacent to the islands of Maui County are also part of Maui County.

    • Posted December 12, 2014 at 8:35 pm | Permalink | Reply

      Hrs 326-38 at http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol06_Ch0321-0344/HRS0326/HRS_0326-0038.htm says (among other things):

      “The sheriff shall have other powers and duties within the county of Kalawao and appropriate thereto as are prescribed by law for the chiefs of police or police officers of the several counties respectively.”

      And HRS 52D-4 at http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol02_Ch0046-0115/HRS0052D/HRS_0052D-0004.htm says:

      “[§52D-4] Ex officio coroner. Where there is no other county medical examiner, the chief of police or any duly authorized subordinate shall be ex officio county coroner. An ex officio county coroner shall have all the powers and perform all the duties of coroner, within that county, as provided by law. [L 1989, c 136, pt of §2]”

      So the sheriff of Kalawao County is to act as the police chief, and thus is the ex officio coroner. But it’s a moot point because both Kalawao and Maui Counties agreed that the death, if it had happened, would have fallen within Maui County’s jurisdiction.

  2. raicha
    Posted December 12, 2014 at 11:15 pm | Permalink | Reply

    You miss the point I am making about Kalawao County. Even if they have a police chief, they are not required to have a coroner. So they are not bound to investigate anything occurring in their county under HRS 841-3. Which I’m sure the legislature intended in HRS 841-1, as Kalawao is tiny, formed for the special purpose of the medical colony, and does not have extensive investigative resources.

    However, when something does occur, they can rely on Maui County both for the emergency response and for any necessary follow up investigation deemed necessary.

    But have it your way: if HRS 841-3 required the Maui Coroner to “forthwith inquire into and make a complete investigation of the cause of the death”, that has been done. Autopsy, incident reports, all done. Cause of death determined, They are not bound by your definition of a complete investigation.

    • Posted December 12, 2014 at 11:52 pm | Permalink | Reply

      You are missing the point. Maui County’s police chief and attorney say that HRS 841-3 was not in effect. They were notified of a death within their jurisdiction and opened a case because of that but promptly closed the case right after the coroner looked under the blanket at the morgue. A little less than an hour later they reopened the case and changed it to an Outside Assistance case – because they were no longer claiming that there had been a death within their jurisdiction.

      Why did they do that? What is the reason for HRS 841-3 not being in effect?

      Did she still have a pulse when she was in the water, and thus the death happened in Kalawao jurisdiction? If so, then how can cardiac arrhythmia be the cause of death and how can the stories of the Coast Guard rescuers and Keith Yamamoto (as relayed through the priest) be true? And why did the HDOH say that the “death” was under the jurisdiction of Maui County?

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:10 am | Permalink

        They did it because she died in Kalawao County. Here are the boundaries of Kalawao:

        HRS 326-34

        (a) The county of Kalawao shall consist of that portion of the island of Molokai known as Kalaupapa, Kalawao, and Waikolu, and commonly known or designated as the Kalaupapa Settlement, and shall not be or form a portion of the county of Maui, but is constituted a county by itself. As a county it shall have only the powers especially conferred and given by sections 326-34 to 326-38 and, except as provided in those sections, none of the provisions of the Hawaii Revised Statutes regarding counties shall be deemed to refer to or shall be applicable to the county of Kalawao.

        ***

        And Kalawao’s boundaries extend 3 miles out from Hawaii coastline, including the area where the plane crashed:

        43 USC 1301:

        When used in this subchapter and subchapter II of this chapter—

        (b) The term “boundaries” includes the seaward boundaries of a State or its boundaries in the Gulf of Mexico or any of the Great Lakes as they existed at the time such State became a member of the Union, or as heretofore approved by the Congress, or as extended or confirmed pursuant to section 1312 of this title but in no event shall the term “boundaries” or the term “lands beneath navigable waters” be interpreted as extending from the coast line more than three geographical miles into the Atlantic Ocean or the Pacific Ocean, or more than three marine leagues into the Gulf of Mexico, except that any boundary between a State and the United States under this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter which has been or is hereafter fixed by coordinates under a final decree of the United States Supreme Court shall remain immobilized at the coordinates provided under such decree and shall not be ambulatory;

        (c) The term “coast line” means the line of ordinary low water along that portion of the coast which is in direct contact with the open sea and the line marking the seaward limit of inland waters;

        ***

        And Kalaupapa and Kalawao county is specifically not in Maui jurisdiction pursuant to Maui’s charter:

        Maui Charter – Article 1
        Section 1-2. Geographical Limits. The Islands of Maui, Molokai, Lana’i, and Kaho’olawe and all other islands lying within three nautical miles off the shores thereof and the waters adjacent thereto, except that portion of the Island of Moloka’i known as Kalaupapa, Kalawao and Waikolu, and commonly known and designated as the Kalaupapa Settlement, shall constitute the county.

        ***

        The crash happened in Kalawao, Fuddy died in Kalawao, Kalawao is not required to have a coroner and HRS 341-3 does not apply unless a coroner is required. Mauji officials were notified of a death, yes, but in their jurisdiction, no.

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:32 am | Permalink

        That is federal law regarding STATE boundaries, not anything to do with county boundaries. The Maui County Charter is clear that the adjacent water is in Maui County. And that is why both Kalawao and Maui agree that if there had been a death it would have been in Maui County jurisdiction – Kalawao by saying so directly, and Maui by assigning a case number (for a NON outside-assistance case) as soon as Fuddy was pronounced dead.

        You’re arguing with them, not with me.

        The Maui County police wouldn’t even have authority to order an autopsy unless it APPEARED that someone had come to death within their jurisdiction under the circumstances described in HRS 841-3. And the kicker is that they ordered the autopsy AFTER they had already changed the case to an outside assistance case.

        I quoted the statutes that say that the Kalawao sheriff is to have the same duties and powers as a police chief, and that the police chief of a county without a medical examiner is REQUIRED to be the ex officio coroner for that county. There is also a statute which says that smaller counties can get help with their autopsies by having a bigger county conduct the autopsy. But in that event the smaller county is responsible to pay for the autopsy – and Maui County paid for Fuddy’s autopsy. Which is one more way that Maui County confirms that the death, if there had been one, would be under their jurisdiction.

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:25 am | Permalink

        “They were notified of a death within their jurisdiction and opened a case because of that but promptly closed the case right after the coroner looked under the blanket at the morgue. A little less than an hour later they reopened the case and changed it to an Outside Assistance case – because they were no longer claiming that there had been a death within their jurisdiction.”

        Where are you getting all this opening and closing of cases from?

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:59 am | Permalink

        The complete CAD transcript, which took me about 8 months to finally get. I was initially told that I couldn’t get it because it would compromise the ability of the Police Dept to function. Once my requests made clear that I realized that Dr. Harle lives and works on the island of Maui and the autopsy was done on the island of Molokai, their objections disappeared and they released the records. They knew I knew. IMHO.

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 1:20 am | Permalink

        In fairness, I should add that at the time that my request was being processed, Maui Police Chief Gary Yabuta was embattled and was eventually released. He was replaced by Tivoli Faaumu and very shortly thereafter I began receiving straightforward responses.

        I was angry when I first got these responses because I thought they were lying, with all the discrepancies, and nothing made sense. But I believe that Chief Faaumu has been straightforward with me and I have a great deal of respect for him as a result.

        I believe all these people did what they were told to do, believing that Loretta Fuddy’s life was in danger if they didn’t hide her away somewhere. And given what this regime has done and has made itself capable of – a large portion of which has not yet been revealed – they may well have been right.

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 1:14 am | Permalink

        No, the Maui charter is clear that their county does not include anything that it is part of Kalawao.

        The Federal statute is what all water bordering states use to determine jurisdiction of the 3 mile ocean limit. And the location is of the crash was adjacent to Kalawao, not Maui county. So if any county at all is stepping into the shoes of the state’s water rights jurisdiction, it is Kalawao.

        I’ve read the complete CAD transcript in the MCFD incident report. It doesn’t say anything about opening and closing a case or anyone lifting a blanket. Please tell me exactly where you find this.

        As for Dr. Harle and the location of the autopsy: they performed these services for Kalawao which does not have these resources.

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 1:35 am | Permalink

        Nobody is saying that the water for 3 miles off of Molokai isn’t part of Hawaii. The Maui County Charter is clear that the water adjacent to the ISLANDS that comprise Maui County (Maui, Lanai, Molokai, etc) is part of Maui County. This crash happened off the island of Molokai. The statute defines Kalawao as consisting of part of THE ISLAND of Molokai. But the waters that are adjacent to Molokai and the other islands are defined by the Maui Charter as belonging to Maui.

        But in discussing this it seems like you are overlooking what I’ve already said. The HDOH has said that the “death” was in Maui County’s jurisdiction, which is why they did the autopsy. And the statute authorizing the to do the autopsy requires that it APPEAR that someone came to death within their jurisdiction under those circumstances.

        If Maui County did the autopsy for Kalawao, then somebody needs to tell the HDOH that. And the MCPD needs to cite the actual statute that allows a larger county to help a smaller island, rather than the statute which says they can do an autopsy if it appears that an unattended death has occurred within their jurisdiction. And somebody needs to point out to Maui County the statute that requires the smaller island to pay for the autopsy, because I asked for and received copies of the receipts from Maui County showing that they paid for that “autopsy”.

        The Maui County Fire Department didn’t give me the complete CAD transcript. They left off with one in critical condition in a Coast Guard helicopter (which I saw when I reassembled the timestamps so the report wasn’t mangled). The reason I even got involved with the MCPD is because the gal at the MCFD said that I would have to go through the MCPD if I wanted to get the complete CAD transcript. And I got the transcripts for Fire and Rescue (which includes stuff that was left out of what the MCFD gave me) AND for the MCPD, which is what I am citing now.

        Gotta run.

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 1:54 am | Permalink

        You are reading the coastal waters statutes completely wrong and contrary to the structure of both international maritime and US law. You are reading it backwards. Maui cannot, by county charter, assert jurisdiction over waters that 1) belong to the state by US law, and 2) belong to Kalawao by Hawaii law.

        “except that portion of the Island of Moloka’i known as Kalaupapa, Kalawao and Waikolu, and commonly known and designated as the Kalaupapa Settlement”

        “That portion” includes coastal waters reserved to the State of Hawaii just as the county of Maui includes the coastal waters adjacent to it.

        If you are citing from the MCPD transcript, please show me where I can read it.

  3. raicha
    Posted December 12, 2014 at 11:21 pm | Permalink | Reply

    841-4 requires any witness statements to be reduced to writing, but it does not require that witness statements be obtained in the first place.

    • Posted December 12, 2014 at 11:56 pm | Permalink | Reply

      It requires that anybody who has knowledge of the death report it to the coroner.

      But the point isn’t really about the witness statements. The point is why Chief Faaumu said that witness statements were not required. He said that HRS 841-3 was not in effect. There was not an unattended death within their jurisdiction.

      If the official story is true, how can that be? If the official story is not true, then why is it being claimed by everybody including the police department?

  4. raicha
    Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:12 am | Permalink | Reply

    Reporting a death to the coroner is not the same thing as giving a sworn statement as a witness in an inquest.

    • Posted December 13, 2014 at 12:46 am | Permalink | Reply

      The preliminary cause of death was drowning. It was changed to cardiac arrhythmia without any new forensic evidence, solely on the basis of alleged “witness statements” (as reported over the phone by the NTSB, which has denied that they made the alleged disclosure to anybody). None of which were under oath, and all of which contradicted what the witnesses had described in media reports.

      That’s not in the least bit fishy to you?

      But it is beside the point so I don’t really want to get distracted by it.

      The point is that Maui County started a case and closed it (only to reopen it about an hour later to change it to an Outside Assistance case) right after the coroner looked under the blanket in the morgue. What happened in that split second, to make HRS 841-3 no longer apply?

      I asked to see who requested their outside assistance and the record of that request so I could know who had jurisdiction and was told I had already received everything they have and they don’t have to answer questions. Nobody requested their assistance. I asked to see the records whereby they sent the autopsy results to the NTSB. NTSB never asked them for anything, so it wasn’t the NTSB who requested assistance. As I said before, Maui County paid for the “autopsy”, and by law the county that is responsible for the autopsy is the one that’s supposed to pay for it.

  5. raicha
    Posted December 13, 2014 at 1:29 am | Permalink | Reply

    The autopsy ruled out drowning. With no visible cause of death, the coroner turned to the witnesses. Those witnesses do not need to be under oath because HRS 841-3 does not apply to deaths occurring in Kalawao.

    Yamamoto said he held Fuddy’s hand and tried to calm her but she let go and drifted away. The coroner says she hyperventilated, leading to the fatal arrhythmia. This is a consistent finding with all witness statements.

    Not fishy to me.

    As for the call to assist, MCFD received the report 3:37 p.m., triggering the county’s response. It’s in the CAD.

    The NTSB could request an autopsy report if they thought it help determine the cause of the accident. But if they think it won’t, they won’t.

    As for payment: you have no idea what arrangements there are between Kalawao and Maui County for reimbursement of services to Kalawao.

    • Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:56 am | Permalink | Reply

      No, the autopsy actually FOUND drowning as the preliminary cause of death, with disposition (filing of the results) pending the toxicology results. IOW, barring unusual tox results, the cause of death was drowning, which would be positively diagnosed primarily through water in the lungs. But then later in the day Detective Winfrey signed the Inquest saying cardiac arrhythmia was the cause of death.

      The forensic pathologist never explained how the water in the lungs disappeared, never requested to see medical records which would tell her Fuddy’s heart condition, and never ordered enzyme tests which could have positively diagnosed cardiac arrhythmia as the cause of death.

      But then she also never recorded the autopsy, never flew to Molokai to do the autopsy, apparently never showed up on security video at the morgue, and never knew about Fuddy’s socks, shoes, or bracelets. And the MCPD has no records indicating how she communicated the pronouncement of death and says they don’t believe ANYBODY would have records. No phone, text, fax, email, or CAD communication…

      Her witness statements – saying that Fuddy was visibly afraid, even though both Kawasaki and Hollstein had said that they were surprised she had died because she was doing fine when they saw her (and Kawasaki is right across from Fuddy in the water in the Puentes video) – were claimed to be from a phone conversation with the NTSB investigator who denies that such a conversation took place.

  6. Posted December 13, 2014 at 2:35 am | Permalink | Reply

    I always thought it was a ruse. She nevered died and is in protective custody somewhere.

  7. Posted December 13, 2014 at 4:08 am | Permalink | Reply

    Here is the map of Maui and Kalawao Counties. The plane crashed in the waters of Kalawao County.

    http://www.maptechnica.com/us-county-boundary-map/county/Maui/state/HI/countyid/15009

    • raicha
      Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:21 am | Permalink | Reply

      Yes, and according to the US Census, Kalawao County is about 12 square miles of land and 40 square miles of water. http://www2.census.gov/geo/gazetteer/2014_Gazetteer/2014_gaz_counties_15.txt

      Ocean water that is.

      The plane crashed in Kalawao County.

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:43 am | Permalink

        Correction accepted.

        So why did the HDOH say that there was no unattended death within Kalawao County jurisdiction?

    • Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:24 am | Permalink | Reply

      Thank you for that information.

      I was trying to find out why the maps look that way, and found http://maunakearug.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/HRS-4.pdf where it shows HRS 4-3 where it says that each of the districts includes archipelagic waters. So that’s probably how Kalawao can include water even though it’s not included in the statute that states the boundaries of Kalawao County – though it’s tricky because for those districts, when the term “county” is used it excludes Kalawao County.

      In any event, it’s still problematic that Kalawao County says they didn’t have an unattended death within their jurisdiction, and Maui County says they didn’t have an unattended death within their jurisdiction. The only way both of those could be true is if there was NO unattended death at all, because if there was an unattended death it would be under SOMEBODY’S jurisdiction. I asked the Maui County attorney for records which show who requested assistance so I could know who DID have jurisdiction. I was told I had been given all the records that exist, and there is no record of any kind of request from anybody claiming jurisdiction. And as I noted, Linda Jordan asked the HDOH if Kalawao County had jurisdiction over Fuddy’s death and they said no.

      With both of the counties claiming that there was no unattended death within their jurisdiction, that rules out the place of death as the reason they each claim it. Regardless of where the death happened, nobody is claiming that a death happened within their jurisdiction. About the only reason that’s left, then, is that there wasn’t a death at all.

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:52 am | Permalink

        You are loosely throwing around the term jurisdiction. The death occurred, physically, in Kalawao County. Does Kalawao County have “jurisdiction” to investigate the death (i.e., conduct an autopsy, interview witnesses, etc.)? Not exactly:

        “As a county it shall have only the powers especially conferred and given by sections 326-34 to 326-38 and, except as provided in those sections, none of the provisions of the Hawaii Revised Statutes regarding counties shall be deemed to refer to or shall be applicable to the county of Kalawao.” HRS 326-34(a)

        “(b) The county of Kalawao shall be under the jurisdiction and control of the department of health and be governed by the laws, and rules relating to the department and the care and treatment of persons affected with Hansen’s disease, except as otherwise provided by law.”

        So the HDOH has jurisdiction, except as otherwise provided by law. The HDOH could contract out for services, including police, rescue, fire and medical services including medical examiners.

        Which is how an examiner from Honolulu can end up doing the autopsy.

        And why Maui is not billed for it,

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 6:01 am | Permalink

        The HDOH said Fuddy’s death was NOT under their jurisdiction.

        And the “except as otherwise provided by law” is referring to the statutes I cited, which say that the sheriff has the same powers and duties that statutes give to all the other county chiefs of police – and statute says a county’s police chief is ex officio coroner if there is no other medical examiner for the county.

        The HDOH was not billed for the autopsy. Maui County was. I have copies of the invoices and receipts.

  8. Posted December 13, 2014 at 4:15 am | Permalink | Reply

    Because Kalawao County doesn’t have any resources, I would image they have Maui do everything like investigations. And because the death didn’t occur in Maui County waters 841-3 doesn’t apply. In fact, per HRS 326-34, 841-3 cannot apply.

    • Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:42 am | Permalink | Reply

      HRS 841-3 would apply to Kalawao County if Fuddy died within Kalawao County jurisdiction.

      HRS 326-34 is at http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol06_Ch0321-0344/HRS0326/HRS_0326-0034.htm and the relevant part says:

      ” §326-34 County of Kalawao; governance. (a) The county of Kalawao shall consist of that portion of the island of Molokai known as Kalaupapa, Kalawao, and Waikolu, and commonly known or designated as the Kalaupapa Settlement, and shall not be or form a portion of the county of Maui, but is constituted a county by itself. As a county it shall have only the powers especially conferred and given by sections 326-34 to 326-38 and, except as provided in those sections, none of the provisions of the Hawaii Revised Statutes regarding counties shall be deemed to refer to or shall be applicable to the county of Kalawao.”

      So we have to look to Sections 326-34 through 326-38 to see what they provide regarding what county provisions apply to Kalawao.

      And there in 326-38 it says:

      “The sheriff shall have other powers and duties within the county of Kalawao and appropriate thereto as are prescribed by law for the chiefs of police or police officers of the several counties respectively. ”

      So it specifically states that Kalawao’s sheriff has the powers and duties that the laws prescribe for other counties’ chiefs of police. As I posted to Raicha, the statute says that the police chief for a county is the ex officio coroner:

      HRS 52D-4 at http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol02_Ch0046-0115/HRS0052D/HRS_0052D-0004.htm says:

      “[§52D-4] Ex officio coroner. Where there is no other county medical examiner, the chief of police or any duly authorized subordinate shall be ex officio county coroner. An ex officio county coroner shall have all the powers and perform all the duties of coroner, within that county, as provided by law. [L 1989, c 136, pt of §2]”

      And HRS 841-3 says that when a coroner receives notice of a death within his jurisdiction…

      So HRS 841-3 would apply to the sheriff of Kalawao if Fuddy died within Kalawao’s jurisdiction. The HDOH says she didn’t, though.

      You and Raicha have just successfully shown that she did – if she actually died. But the HDOH says that she didn’t die within their jurisdiction. Why did they say that?

      • raicha
        Posted December 13, 2014 at 5:59 am | Permalink

        No, by its terms section 326-34 expressly states that no other provision will apply except for 34-38 (the Sheriff provisions). Under well-established rules of statutory construction, you don’t pull in by inference (that the Sheriff is a coroner in a county where no coroner is required) something that is directly contradicted by the statute itself: “except as provided in those sections, none of the provisions of the Hawaii Revised Statutes regarding counties shall be deemed to refer to or shall be applicable to the county of Kalawao.”

        As for someone from HDOH saying something on a telephone to someone else, meh. There are no statutes or documents that show HDOH did not exercise jurisdiction here.

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 6:11 am | Permalink

        HRS 326-38 says that the sheriff of Kalawao County has the same duties and powers as the statutes give to all the other county police chiefs. That’s pretty straightforward.

        The pronouncement of death was (supposedly) done by the forensic pathologist who was contracted by MAUI COUNTY. Maui County got the bill. Maui County paid the bill. Maui County signed the inquest. Maui County made the announcement of the cause of death, just like Maui County did when the Maui County workers were killed in a plane crash in Lanai (which is certainly Maui County jurisdiction). Every single record I’ve been given points to Maui County as having jurisdiction – EXCEPT that it says it’s an Outside Assistance case, and Chief Faaumu says that HRS 841-3 was not in effect for them. (He actually said that they didn’t need to take sworn witness statements because HRS 841-3 was not statutorily in effect. He didn’t actually say that it wasn’t in effect FOR THEM; perhaps he was saying outright that it was not in effect for ANYBODY.)

      • Posted December 13, 2014 at 6:21 am | Permalink

        Hmm. Kalawao wouldn’t include archipalagic waters then. That provision is not in HRS 326-34 through 38. That’s why I didn’t look any farther for what would apply to Kalawao. Federal law doesn’t say what boundaries a county would have – only the state boundary, and state statute would set the boundaries for the individual counties. The only statutes that apply to Kalawao are HRS 326-34 through 38, if your interpretation is correct. But other statutes specifically mention Kalawao. Why do they do that if nothing but HRS 326-34 through 38 applies?

        I need to go to bed. It’s been a very long day and the next few days will be even longer.

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